Bentonites having high swelling feature are used as carrying material in granule fertilizer production.
Here, bentonite enables the water to be given to the plant in a balanced way, conditioning the soil and the fertilizer to be given to the plan homogenously in every watering period. Bentonite which provides low costs in animal feed is used in feeds of bovine animals in ratio of averagely 2 – 4%, and in poultry 1%.
Although bentonite which has undisputable effects on poultry houses and animals is acceptable by the veterinarians, its use is not common.
The main reasons for this are
2) mixing with zeolite and zeolite’s bad reputation.
However it should be known that bentonite is not zeolite.
Although it may seem like using bentonite has high cost, it has been proven that it provides 20% profit for the manufacturers, when it is calculated.
Some of the advantages are as follows:
- DECREASE IN FUEL COSTS
- DECREASE IN DEATH RATES
- INCREASED EFFICIENCY AS MEAT AND NUTRITION
- REMOVING MUDS IN THE POULTRY HOUSES
- ELIMINATING BAD ODORS
- POULTRY HOUSE HEALTH
- DECREASE IN CLEANING COSTS
That is, when 2,5 bentonite per m² is used by spreading on the floor, the ammonium gas and the unwanted odor in the poultry house, and the liquid feces are absorbed, therefore a comfortable environment is created. Also when the animal eats it or it is mixed to animal feed in ratio of 2%, it absorbs the toxins from the animal bodies and thus the death rates are decreased. Furthermore an increase will be seen in meat rates, since it slows down the digestive system and thus all vitamins will be used in the system. Since it absorbs the liquid in the digestive system, the unwanted mudding and the odor in the poultry houses will be eliminated by solidifying the feces. As such a clean and comfortable poultry house will not require much air circulation, the air conditioning will be decreased and thus the fuel consumption will be reduced depending on the conditions. The filling materials such as paddy, chips that are used on the floor are decreased by half. All necessary costs will be decreased at least by half when this material is used, and the costs in the poultry houses will be reduced in rates of 30%.